CAPS Coping Self-Efficacy Scale


Author of Tool: 

Centre for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS)

Key references: 

Chesney MA, Neilands TB, Chambers DB, Taylor JM, Folkman S. A validity and reliability study of the coping self-efficacy scale. Br J Health Psychol 2006 Sep; 11(3): 421–37.

Primary use / Purpose: 

This scale is a 26-item measure of one’s confidence in performing coping behaviors when faced with life challenges.


The Coping Self-Efficacy Scale (CSE) provides a measure of a person’s perceived ability to cope effectively with life challenges, as well as a way to assess changes in CSE over time in intervention research. 


Exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) revealed a 13-item reduced form of the CSE scale with three factors: Use problem-focused coping (6 items, alpha=.91), stop unpleasant emotions and thoughts (4 items, alpha=.91), and get support from friends and family (3 items, alpha=.80). Internal consistency and test-retest reliability are strong for all three factors. Concurrent validity analysis showed these factors assess self-efficacy for different types of coping. Predictive validity analyses showed that residualized change scores in using problem- and emotion-focused coping skills were predictive of reduced psychological distress and increased psychological well-being over time. 


Web link to tool: 

Self-Efficacy ScaleScoring

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):


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