Children’s Relationship Attribution Measure (CRAM)

Author of Tool: 

Fincham, F.D., Beach, S.R., Arias, I., & Brody, G.

Key references: 

Fincham, F.D., Beach, S.R., Arias, I., & Brody, G. (1998). Children's attributions in the family: The Children's Relationship Attribution Measure. Journal of Family Psychology, 12, 481-493.

Primary use / Purpose: 

Measures childen's positive and negative attributions in parent-child relationships

Background: 

The study of children's perceptions of family events has led to increased understanding of their reactions to such events at both theoretical (e.g., Davies & Cummings, 1994; Grych & Fincham, 1990) and empirical levels (e.g., Grych, Seid, & Fincham, 1992; Kurdek & Berg, 1987; Mazur, Wolchik, & Sandier, 1992). This Children's Relationship Attribution Measure (CRAM) assessed children's attributions in parent-child relationships, examined their association with relationship positivity and behavior displayed toward the parent, determined whether depressive symptoms account for these associations, and investigated whether parent and child attributions are linked.

Psychometrics: 

For psychometrics see article: Fincham, F.D., Beach, S.R., Arias, I., & Brody, G. (1998). Children's attributions in the family: The Children's Relationship Attribution Measure. Journal of Family Psychology, 12, 481-493.  

Keywords: 

Files: 

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):