Because religion and/or spirituality is integral to the lives of a majority of the world population, authors conducted 3 studies on the role of prayer in romantic relationships. Study 1 (N = 375) showed that prayer for the partner predicted lower levels of extradyadic romantic behavior over a 6-week period, over and beyond relationship satisfaction, and initial levels of extradyadic romantic behavior.
When interpersonal transgressions occur in marriage they can elicit strong negative feelings and have the potential to disrupt the relationship. Perhaps not surprisingly, spouses report that the capacity to seek and grant forgiveness is one of the most important factors contributing to marital longevity and marital satisfaction (Fenell, 1993). For a spouse to forgive his or her partner logically requires the spouse to be conscious of being injured/wronged by the partner. Without injury there is nothing to forgive (Enright & Coyle, 1998).
Forgiveness is a construct that might help us understand the occurrence of psychological aggression and general patterns of communication in marriage. The marital forgiveness scale assesses forgiveness dimensions in relation to situations where the respondant's partner had 'wronged' them' or 'hurt them'. Higher scores indicate greater agreement with statements.
In an important theoretical statement, Doherty (1981a, 1981b) argued that conflict between intimates prompts them to engage in two cognitive processes. The first concerns attributions because it involves asking why the conflict arose. The answer to this attributional question is hypothesized to influence the second process.
guided by Grych and Fincham's theoretical framework for investigating the relation between interparental conflict and child adjustment, The Children's Perception of Interparental Conflict Scale (CPIC) was developed to assess children's views of several aspects of marital conflict.
In both Britain and the United States, the majority of the problems for which people obtain professional help concern their spouse or partner (McAllister, 1995; Veroff, Kulka, & Douvan, 1981), and the deleterious effects of marital problems on physical and mental health are well documented (e.g., Burman & Margolin,
Distressed spouses are hypothesised to make attributions for negative events that accentuate their impact whereas non-distressed spouses are thought to make attributions that minimise the impact of negative events. The Relationship Attribution Measure (RAM) is a simple measure of difference types of attribution behaviour in spousal relationships.
The exponential growth of research on forgiveness reflects, in part, its presumed beneficial effects on relationship well-being, an idea reinforced by the fact that spouses themselves rate the seeking and granting of forgiveness as important for marital longevity and marital satisfaction (Fenell, 1993).
This project is supported by:
the Irish Social Sciences Platform (ISSP), which is funded under the Programme for Research in Third Level Institutions (Cycle 4), administered by the HEA and co-funded under the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).