Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults (SAQ-A30)

Author of Tool: 

Caballo, V. E., Salazar, I. C., Irurtia, M. J., Arias, B., and CISO-A Research Team

Key references: 

Caballo, V. E., Salazar, I. C., Arias, B., Irurtia, M. J., Calderero, M., & the CISO-A Research Team Spain (2010a). Validation of the Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults (SAQ-A30) with Spanish university students: Similarities and differences among degree subjects and regions. Behavioral Psychology/ Psicologia Conductual, 18, 5–34.

Caballo, V. E., Salazar, I. C., Irurtia, M. J., Arias, B., Hofmann, S. G., & the CISO-A Research Team (2010b). Measuring social anxiety in 11 countries: Development and validation of the Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 26, 95–107.

Caballo, V. E., Salazar, I. C., Irurtia, M. J., Arias, B., Hofmann, S. G. & CISO-A Research Team (2012). The multidimensional nature and multicultural validity of a new measure of social anxiety: the Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults. Behavior Therapy, 43, 313-328.

Primary use / Purpose: 

The questionnaire is designed to measure specific and/or generalized social phobia/anxiety in adults (18 years and more) from general and clinical populations. This is very useful for identifying not only people with generalized social phobia but particularly specific social phobia.

Background: 

The Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults (SAQ-A30) was a result of several years of work by the research team in 18 Latin American countries, Spain, and Portugal. It was developed from research with approximately 58,000 general participants and more than 1,000 social phobic patients. Regarding initial item selection, more than 1,000 participants recorded situations over 6 years, generating a pool of more than 10,000 social situations. From these, two pairs of social anxiety experts selected scenarios for initial analysis, excluding those situations that were redundant or were not social in nature (i.e., another person[s] played a role in the situation). This left 2,171 scenarios, which were then grouped together based on substantive similarity, leaving a total of 512 social situations. These situations composed the first version of the SAQ-A and after many statistical analyses and clinical judgments, the final version of the 30-item questionnaire was obtained (SAQ-A30).

Psychometrics: 

The SAQ-A30 contains 30 items conforming a social phobia/anxiety structure of five very solid dimensions (factors), each of them including six items. Each dimension has its own cut-off score as the questionnaire also has as a whole. Data on the questionnaire's internal consistency, construct validity, cut-off scores, invariance, and factor structure have been presented (Caballo et al., 2010a, 2012).

Keywords: 

Files: 

Other Information: 

Each item is answered on a 5-point Likert scale. The higher the score in every dimension the more anxiety the person has in this specific dimension. The sum of all the dimensions is the general score of the questionnaire. The five dimensions are the following: 1) Speaking in public/talking with people in authority, 2) Interactions with the opposite sex, 3) Assertive expression of annoyance, disgust, or displeasure, 4) Criticism and embarrassment, and 5) Interactions with strangers.

The original questionnaire plus two control items and the cut-off scores for each factor and for the whole questionnaire are included in the reference below:

Caballo, V. E., Salazar, I. C., Irurtia, M. J., Arias, B., Hofmann, S. G. & CISO-A Research Team (2012). The multidimensional nature and multicultural validity of a new measure of social anxiety: the Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults. Behavior Therapy, 43, 313-328.

The original questionnaire without the control items is included in the following reference:

Caballo, V. E., Salazar, I. C., Arias, B., Irurtia, M. J., Calderero, M., & the CISO-A Research Team Spain (2010a). Validation of the Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults (SAQ-A30) with Spanish university students: Similarities and differences among degree subjects and regions. Behavioral Psychology/ Psicologia Conductual, 18, 5–34.

Initial development and validation of previous versions of the questionnaire can be found in the following reference:

Caballo, V. E., Salazar, I. C., Irurtia, M. J., Arias, B., Hofmann, S. G., & the CISO-A Research Team (2010b). Measuring social anxiety in 11 countries: Development and validation of the Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 26, 95–107.

P.D.: Although we have tried not to include situations related to the gender of people in the questionnaire, there are three items that include the term “opposite sex”. There was no way to substitute them. We suggest that for people whose sexual tendency is their same gender to substitute “opposite sex” for “preferred gender”.

Copyright by Fundacion VECA. The questionnaire can be used for research and clinical purposes without further permission. However it can not be modified, used commercially or published by any means without prior permission from the first author (in the name of Fundacion VECA).

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