Reading the mind in the eyes test

Author of Tool: 

Baron-Cohen, S. Jolliffe, T. Mortimore, C. and Robertson, M.

Key references: 

Baron-Cohen, S. Jolliffe, T. Mortimore, C. and Robertson, M. (1997). Another advanced test of theory of mind: evidence from very high functioning adults with autism or Asperger Syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 38:813-822

Baron-Cohen, S. Wheelwright, S. and Hill, J. (2001). The 'Reading the mind in the eyes' test revised version: A study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger Syndrome or High-Functioning autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 42:241-252

Primary use / Purpose: 

The task involves describing the emotional/mental state of a person based on only an image of their eyes, in a fixed-choice paradigm.

Background: 

Previous theory of mind tests had been proposed for children with autism spectrum disorders, but these could not allow conclusions to be drawn about an adult's theory of mind (or lack thereof). This task confirmed that adults with high-functioning autism are impaired in theory of mind. There is also a gender difference, with females outperforming males. In the reading the mind in the eyes test images are presented, followed with forced choice between four emotion terms.

Psychometrics: 

Validity was discussed in Baron-Cohen, S. Wheelwright, S. and Hill, J. (2001). Test-retest reliability was examined in Adams, R.B., Rule, N.O., Franklin, R.G., Wang,E., Stevenson,M.T.,Yoshikawa, S.,et al. (2011), where it was detremined that the score found should be treated as an approximation.

Keywords: 

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):