Wintre, M. G., Yaffe, M., & Crowley, J. (1995). Perception of Parental Reciprocity Scale (POPRS): Development and Validation with Adolescents and Young Adults. Social Development, 4(2), 129-148.
Wintre, M. G., Gates, S. K. E., Pancer, W. M., Pratt, M. S., Polivy, J., Birnie-Lefcovitch, S. & Adams, G. (2009). The Student Perception of University Support and Structure Scale: development and validation, Journal of Youth Studies, 12(3), 289-306.
Primary use / Purpose:
The developmental theories of Youniss & Smollar (1985) emphasize the role of reciprocity in the functional relationship between child and parent. This theory advances positive outcomes in relationships in which the child's views are respected and the parent-child relationship is understood as being one between two relative equals. Drawing on this theory of development, Winter, Yaffe, & Crowley (1995) developed the The Perception of Parental Reciprocity Scale (POPRS) in order to systematically measure the constructs theorized by Youniss & Smollar.
The psychometric properties of the Perception of Parental Reciprocity Scale (POPRS) are discussed in Winter, Yaffe, & Crowley (1995).