Hatfield, E., & Sprecher, S. (1986). Measuring passionate love in intimate relations. Journal of Adolescence, 9, 383-410.
Primary use / Purpose:
While measures previously existed for companionate love, they did not exist for the more intense passionate love. The passionate love scale (PLS) can be used to explore cross-cultural differences, age differences and gender differences, among others, in passionate love.
Reliability is confirmed in Hatfield and Sprecher (1986), while convergent validity is discussed in several articles (Aron & Henkemeyer, 1995; Hatfield & Sprecher, 1986; Hendrick & Hendrick, 1989; Sprecher & Regan, 1998).