Need to Belong Scale

Author of Tool: 

Leary, M. R.

Key references: 

Leary, M. R., Kelly, K. M., Cottrell, C. A., & Schreindorfer, L. S. (2012). Individual differences in the need to belong: Mapping the nomological network. Unpublished manuscript, Duke University.

Primary use / Purpose: 

A 10-item measure of the need to belong.

Background: 

The need to belong is one of the most fundamental and well-researched human motives. The need to belong is a‘‘strong desire to form and maintain enduring interpersonal attachments.’’ Researchers contend that this need can account for much of the research on interpersonal behavior. This Need to Belong Scale is the most recent and empirically sound of the current need to belong measures.

Psychometrics: 

Psychometrics information on the scale is available from: Leary, M. R., Kelly, K. M., Cottrell, C. A., & Schreindorfer, L. S. (2012). Individual differences in the need to belong: Mapping the nomological network. Unpublished manuscript, Duke University.

Keywords: 

Files: 

Other Information: 

Note. A 13-item version of this scale circulated for a few years in the late 1990s, but it was decided that the 10-item version is more psychometrically sound. Even so, it correlates in excess of .90 with the 13-item measure.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):