Cohen, S., & Hoberman, H. (1983). Positive events and social supports as buffers of life change stress. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 13, 99-125
Cohen, S., Mermelstein, R., Kamarck, T., & Hoberman, H. (1985). Measuring the functional components of social support. In I. G. Sarason & B. R. Sarason (Eds.), Social support: Theory, research and application (pp. 73-94). The Hague, The Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff.
Brummett BH, Babyak MA, Siegler IC, Vitaliano PP, Ballard EL, Gwyther LP, & Williams RB (2006). Associations among perceptions of social support, negative affect, and quality of sleep in caregivers and noncaregivers. Health Psychology, 25(2), 220-225.
Brummett BH; Babyak MA; Barefoot JC; Bosworth HB; Clapp-Channing NE; Siegler IC; Williams RB Jr; & Mark DB (1998). Social support and hostility as predictors of depressive symptoms in cardiac patients one month after hospitalization: A prospective study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 60(6), 707-713.
Martire LM; Schulz R; Mittelmark MB; & Newsom JT (1999). Stability and change in older adults' social contact and social support: The Cardiovascular Health Study. Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences., 54B(5), S302-S311.
Primary use / Purpose:
The Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (ISEL) is concerned with ways in which others affect persons' responses to stressful events. The ISEL consists of a list of 40 statements concerning the perceived availability of potential social resources. The items are counterbalanced for desirability; that is half the items are positive statements about social relationships while the other half are negative statements. Items each fall into four 10-item subscales; tangible support, appraisal support, self-esteem support, belonging support.
For psychometric description see: Cohen, S., Mermelstein, R., Kamarck, T., & Hoberman, H. (1985). Measuring the functional components of social support. In I. G. Sarason & B. R. Sarason (Eds.), Social support: Theory, research and application (pp. 73-94). The Hague, The Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff.