Hurt Feelings Scale

Author of Tool: 

Leary, M. R.

Key references: 

Leary, M. R., & Springer, C. (2001). Hurt feelings: The neglected emotion. In R. M. Kowalski (Ed.), Aversive behaviors and relational transgressions. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Primary use / Purpose: 

A standardised measure of the emtion 'hurt'

Background: 

Although ‘‘hurt’’ is a well-known term that is regarded as a good example of emotion, and as highly negative in tone (Shaver, Schwartz, Kirson, & O’Connor, 1987), surprisingly little attention has been paid to the elicitors and outcomes of ‘‘hurt feelings.’’ Researchers generally agree that hurt is inherently relational in nature, with appraisals of others behavior being central to hurt feelings (Leary, Springer, Negel, Ansell, & Evans, 1998; Vangelisti & Young, 2000). This point of consensus fits with appraisal theories of emotion (e.g., Lazarus, 1991; Roseman & Smith, 2001), which argue that emotions result from individuals evaluations (appraisals) of events or situations. However, researchers have offered somewhat differing assessments of the causal and emotional features of hurtful events. The Hurt Feelings Scale is a standardised measure of this emotion.

Psychometrics: 

For psychometrics, see Leary, M. R., & Springer, C. (2001). Hurt feelings: The neglected emotion. In R. M. Kowalski (Ed.), Aversive behaviors and relational transgressions. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

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