Collective Self-esteem Scale

Author of Tool: 

Luhtanen, R. K., & Crocker, J

Key references: 

Luhtanen, R., & Crocker, J. (1992). A collective self-esteem scale: Self-evaluation of one's social identity. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 18, 302-318.

Primary use / Purpose: 

The scale is designed to assess four aspects of evaluations of one's social groups or identities: public, private, membership and importance. It has been translated into a number of languages and can be adapted to assess collective self-esteem for a wide variety of identities.

Background: 

Social identity theory as developed by Tajfel and Turner argues that there are two distinct aspects of the self-concept: personal identity and social identity. Although many self-esteem measures are available in the literature, they all focuson  individuals' evaluation of their personal identity, whether in private or interpersonal domains.  The Collective Self-esteem Scale was constructed to assess individual differences in collective, rather than personal, self-esteem, with four subscales (Membership esteem, Public collective self-esteem, Private collective self-esteem, and Importance to Identity). 

Psychometrics: 

Evidence for reliability and validity of the scale was provided by three studies, suggesting that the scale can be a useful research tool (see Luhtanen, R., & Crocker, J. (1992). A collective self-esteem scale: Self-evaluation of one's social identity. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 18, 302-318.   (seeLuhtanen, R., & Crocker, J. (1992). A collective self-esteem scale: Self-evaluation of one's social identity. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 18, 302-318 for full description of psychometric properties).

Keywords: 

Files: 

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):